Filtration methods

From an overflow system in the tank water can flow down into the sump tank. The water will run into a pre-filter pad that filters out debris, and subsequently flow down to the wet-dry filter (Bio-Balls)

Inside a standard wet-dry filter, we can find various bio-media, for example, bio-balls. Bacteria will somehow, stick themselves to the surface of the bio-balls while at the same time, smoothens the airflow Oxygen(O2) into the media. As more oxygen gets into the media, the bacteria combines with it and gets the resistant to oxidize waste materials. Generally speaking, extremely harmful Ammonias (NH4) and Nitrites (NO2) will be oxidize into not so harmful form of Nitrate (NO3). The Ceramic rings or SeaChem De*nitrate will be able to create a process call de-nitrification which would change Nitrate (NO3) to Nitrogen Gas (N2).

Additional help in the filtration process will come in the form of a protein skimmer or a foam-fractionator. A large circulation process will happen, which is resulted by a heavy jet of water that is created by the protein skimmer. This will remove organics, fats and protein in the water, which in turns, lessening the oxidizing process in the wet-dry filter.

A layer of sand 1 inch deep and 2 inch of gravel on top of it, will be placed at the bottom of the tank. This gives the feeling of a real ocean floor. Live rocks will also be placed on the sand, which in-turn, forms the foundation for the living corals that gives the finishing touches of a true marine environment.