From an overflow system in the tank water can flow down into the sump tank. The water will run into a pre-filter pad that filters out debris, and subsequently flow down to the wet-dry filter (Bio-Balls)
Inside a standard wet-dry filter, we can find v
The Jaubert System method
This method is revised by Dr Jaubert of the Monaco aquarium. This system utilizes only a natural approach, which is to introduce Plenum to the bottom of the tank.
A layer of large size coral chips for two inches are place above a layer of tiny size c
The Live Sand Bed method
In the natural marine environment in the sea, there are no protein skimmers or wet-dry filters to improve the quality of the situation. The ability to maintain such a healthy and powerful environment comes from the very animals and plants that are livin
The Refugime method
The mud system can be doubt as the most basic and simply method of all that I’ve mentioned. Imagine putting a layer of ‘mud’/0 to 0.1 size cora sand, illuminating it with the tank light and growing various algaes on it.
This low-oxygen environm
Aiptasia are generally dark brown to translucent brown mini anemones.The brown color comes from zooxanthellae, a golden brown symbiotic alga. Aiptasia in our aquariums are usually less than 2 inches tall. In favorable conditions they may get as big as 4
Alkalinity is a measure of the pH buffering capacity of water. It indicates the concentrations of carbonate (CO3)2-, hydrogen bicarbonate ( HCO3 )-, borate ( BO3 )3-, sulphate ( SO4 )2-, and hydroxide ( OH )- anions. The actual value is determined by th
Iodine And The Reef Tank
Adding Iodine to your reef tank can be accomplished in several ways. But before we discuss how o add it, it should be noted that there is no 100% agreement over whether or not Iodine should even be added. In the hobbyist sector of reef keeping, Iodine c
Oxidation Reduction Potential
Oxidation Reduction Potential (redox) measures can give valuable insight into the changes in the suitability of your water, particularly with reed setups in which organisms are more redox sensitive. Redox is a measure of a system's capacity to oxidize
Ozone is a highly unstable triatomic molecule and it aid in burning up organics and disease causing microbes in the aquarium, raising PH boosting dissolved oxygen and oxidation-reduction potential (redox), and maximizing the efficiency of your protein s
What Are Phosphates?
Phosphate or PO 4 is a compound of Phosphorus (P), one of the top 14 out of 70 trace elements found in natural sea water that are considered to be essential for saltwater aquarium and reef tank systems. However, it is also a prim
Protien Skimming: How It Works
This article is intended to give detailed background information about how skimmers work in conjunction with marine aquaria. Since skimmers vary considerably in design and represent an evolving technology, it will not attempt to show that one design i
Tips on the Success on planting your own Sea Grass.
Create a sea bed ( 3" deep ) and make sure that the sediments are fine, silt and rich in fertilizers needed prior to planting. Fertilizers for freshwater plant may be used to help the sea grass from
Strontium And The Reef Aquarium
Much has been written about the need for strontium in reef aquaria. Some authors have described it as an important additive,1 while others have described it simply as a poison.2,3 Why are there such divergent opinions on strontium? Partly this is becaus
Ultaviolet ( UV ) Sterilizer
Ultaviolet ( UV ) Sterilizer is a natural of electromagnetic radiation. In terms of frequency, it is of shorter wavelength than visible light. UV can be very effective in reducing free-floating algae, bacteria, and other microscopic planktonic organism